Errors of execution Update of a BIOS To improve the performance of your PC
Tricks and easy ways under Windows 95 and 98 Problems at the time of the starting of Win98  Use of the tools available on the diskette of starting
Innovations on the diskette of starting WIN98 The program of installation ceases answering at the time of the detection of the material Pilots of reader of CD - ROM
Return to the synopsis To contact the author   Low of page

Created it, 05/10/16

Update it, 05/10/16

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  Use of the assistance

Use the system of assistance to know some more about Windows 98.

Seek the answers to your questions.

Consult the version on line of the Mise handbook on the way.

You connect to the Web to obtain the updates of the software.

Solve the problems of your system.

Functionalities innovating and easy to use.

Windows 98 facilitates the use of your computer thanks to new and improved functionalities.

Windows 98 is easier to use, thanks to an integration true of the Web and with improvements of the course of the tasks, such as the setting in on brightness of the icons, the Précédente buttons and Following, as well as a Démarrer menu very easy to personalize.

  Use of the utilities of resolution of Windows 98 problems

The utilities of resolution of Windows 98 problems help you to diagnose and solve quickly the technical problems which you can encounter with Windows 98. To fully use the utilities of resolution of problems, follow these basic recommendations :

Make so that the window of assistance which contains the text of the utility of resolution of problems remains visible while you follow the instructions of the utility of resolution of problems.

To reduce all your opened windows, click in the bar of fast Lancement tools on Bureau. Click on the Aide button of Windows on the bar of the tasks to restore the window of assistance. If the utility of resolution of problems is carrying out Internet To explore, in the bar of the tasks, click on the button corresponding to Internet To explore.

Redimensionnez the window of assistance and move it towards the right half of the screen in order to be able to use the left half to follow the instructions.

If you carry out the utility of resolution of problems starting from the window of assistance, in the bar of tools of the assistance, click on Masquer to mask the left shutter.

Follow the stages exactly such as they are described in the utility of resolution of problems, if not you are likely to miss critical information and to limit the effectiveness of the utility of resolution of problems.

Once that you finished a stage described in a utility of resolution of problems, visualize information of the window of assistance and check that you followed the instructions well.

  Additional assistance via Internet

If you have a technical question concerning a Microsoft product and that you find the response neither in the help file nor in the documentation of the product, consult one of the following resources on line :

Your principal source of information is the manufacturer who provided your software. It can propose a Web site to you to help itself to find the answers to the technical questions. Check in the documentation which accompanies your computer if there is a site of support on line.

To obtain very last technical information concerning the Microsoft products, you can also consult the site Technical support on line of the Technical support of Microsoft. Starting from technical articles contents in the Base of Microsoft Knowledge, of the Assistants of resolution of the problems and the downloadable files, the Technical support on line gathers the specific resources which are most likely to bring an answer to your question. Begin your research, to Technical support on line.

To post of the assistance on a MS-DOS order

To invites of order, type the name of the order which interests you, followed /?.

For example, type to chdir /? to post of the assistance relating to the order to chdir.

Note :

To post the text of the screen assistance by screen, type the order by making it follow | more. For example, type to dir /? | more to post the assistance relating to the order to dir.



The BIOS (BASIC Input System Output) is a software registered in a read-only memory of your computer. The BIOS allows the checking of the physical components of your computer starting, it allows the launching of the operating system and it makes it possible to regulate certain parameters of your computer.

The update of a BIOS is very simple and makes it possible to bring corrective measures to the software registered in the read-only memory. However before carrying out an update you ensure that the BIOS of the mother chart is in a memory flash and read the stages attentively below because a false step can make the mother chart unusable.

Here thus procedure using an example to update your BIOS.

Stages to follow to update a BIOS :

1. To manufacture a diskette of starting DOS without HIMEM SYS and EMM386.EXE by using the order FORMAT /S a:

2. To include the files FDISK, SYS and FORMAT on the diskette of starting

3. To identify the mother chart and the BIOS:

Model of the mother chart: DTKPAM0056I

No of series of the BIOS: 2A59GG39C- 00

The date of the BIOS: 07-15 - 96

The version of the BIOS: V the 1.02 chipset of the mother chart: I430VX and W877

4. To explore Internet site to find the model of the mother chart: DTK

A. To select option BIOS UPGRADES

B. To select the manufacturer of the mother chart: DTK

C. To select address Internet likely to contain the update of the BIOS.

D. To download the update of the BIOS among the choices according to the model of the mother chart: V 1.05 = 5wvpd15c.bin

E. To select option BIOS UTILITY

F. To select the utility of programming of the BIOS corresponding to the update: QWDFLASH.EXE.

G. To download the utility.

5. To ensure itself of the validity of the update of the BIOS as well as utility.

6. To decompress the downloaded files if it is necessary and to record the files on diskettes.

7. To change the parameter BOOT SEQUENCE for A,C in BIOS SETUP if it is necessary.

8. To decontaminate the memory shadow if it is necessary in BIOS SETUP

9. To insert the diskette of starting in unit a:

10. To restart the computer

11. To launch the utility of programming of the BIOS. Caution: the process perhaps stopped once launched.

12. To register not file containing the update of the BIOS: 5WVPD15C.BIN

13. To confirm the programming of the BIOS.

14. To confirm the safeguard of the old version of the BIOS.

15. To leave the utility and to restart the computer.

16. To give the parameters of BIOS SETUP of origin.

17. To check the result.

Foot-note: The model of the mother chart and other registered information are only one example but the procedure is practically identical.


 HIGH OF PAGE To improve the performance of your PC

There are several simple methods and councils to optimize the performance of your computer. Here some councils which could be useful to you :

1. Carry out the defragmentation of your hard disk regularly.

2. Remove the useless programs of the menu "To start". That will avoid the loading of the programs into the memory at the time of the launching of the operating system. You can also simply close the useless programs during your session.

3. To avoid charging the hard disk too much.

4. To avoid using photographs as wallpaper.

5. To add memory if the use of the resource of the system is 80% and more.

6. To maximize the parameters of your BIOS.

      Other more radical solutions :

1. Overclocker your microprocessor, i.e. to increase speed in frequency. Before carrying out this operation, you must comply with 3 rules of overclocking :

A. One cannot change multiplier.

B. The external bus can increase only one level speed.

C. An excellent cooling is necessary for the microprocessor.

It is strongly recommended to have under the hand the specifications of the mother chart to place the riders in the good positions.

2. To update your computer. This operation implies the purchase of a new mother chart and a microprocessor or in certain cases only the purchase of a microprocessor. Before carrying out such purchases, you inform of the specifications of the mother chart which you hold. This will avoid you spending of the money overcomes some. For example if you have Pentium I of 233 MHz, you would be probably disappointed to have bought a microprocessor of 400 MHz by learning that the mother chart of which you lay out supports with more the one microprocessor of 233 MHz.


HIGH OF PAGE  Tricks and easy ways under Windows 95 / 98

When an unspecified program does not answer any more under Windows : Press simultaneously on keys CTRL, ALT and LED or SUPPR then to select Fine mitre the "tries".

When a peripheral does not function correctly: Click on the icon "Posts travail"(avec the button right-hand side of the mouse). Select the option "Property" and click on Administrative mitre the "of peripherals". This operation will then enable you to identify the peripherals which are problematic (marked of a yellow point of exclamation). You must then click on the material identified with the yellow point of exclamation to obtain the nature of the problem. The frequent problems attached to the peripherals are missing Pilote and conflict of interruption.

When a program carried out an operation nonin conformity : Often such a message indicates that a program is in conflict with another or in conflict with the operating system. You will have to identify starting from the error message, which is the program, under program or the routine which causes this error. Once that the identity of the program is known, you will have to find with which software, the program belongs. You will have to finally contact the manufacturer of the software is by the Internet or telephone. You will find a basket of information via the Internet in connection with your software. It is only enough to consult heading "FAQ" on the site of the manufacturer.

Reinstalment of Windows without losing the programs and information : The reinstalment of Windows on your hard disk often implies, the re-registration of information, the reinstalment of the pilots, the programs and the software. There is fortunately a solution for stage with this sometimes painful adventure. When you reinstall Windows, ensure you to reinstall it in his repertory by defect C:\WINDOWS. This will crush the version of Windows installed on your hard disk but will keep information on the pilots, the software and the basis of register. You will not have thus the task all to reinstall. It is extremely possible that a reinstalment of this type does not correct the errors which you had consequently since a base of register corrupted, will remain thus.



2 = Error of syntax :

An instruction READ has, when it tried to charge of the data chains in a numeric variable, involves an error of syntax to the execution. The other errors of syntax are detected by the compiler.

3 = RETURN without GOSUB :

The program met an instruction RETURN without GOSUB corresponding, i.e. you did not specify of point where will have to be carried out the return.

4 = Given exhausted :

Instruction READ exhausted all the values of the instructions DATED that it could read.

5 = invalid Call of function :

This error relates to the transfer, with an instruction or a function, of an inappropriate argument. It can have a great number of causes, and in particular :

6 = Capacity overshooting :

There is capacity overshooting when the result of a calculation gives a too important value to be represented in the specified numerical type. For example, x% = 32767 + 1 involve a capacity overshooting because 32768 cannot be represented by the contents of an integer variable. The error of capacity overshooting for the entireties is detected only when one program is compiled, the capacity overshooting in floating point is always detected.

7 = exceeded Memory size :

This message can have a great number of causes, and in particular the specification of too high size of tables.

9 = Index except limit :

You tried to use a superscript than the maximum value specified when the table was DIMensionné.

10 = Definition in double :

You tried for the second time to specify dimensions in a dynamic way, without starting by erasing them.

11 = Divide check :

You tried a divide check or rise with a negative power.

13 = Not agreement of the types :

You used a value of character string whereas the system awaited a whole numerical value, or vice versa. This error can occur in instructions PRINT USING, DRAW or PLAY.

14 = Manque of space for the chains :

The place reserved for the storage of the chains is exhausted, the memory reserved for the chains is limited to 64K in certain cases.

15 = too long Chain :

The chain produced by an expression chains is more than 32767 bytes length.

19 = No SUMMARY :

The execution continued until the fine physique of the program following a passage to the subroutine of diversion of error. It probably misses an instruction SUMMARIZED in a control program of errors.

20 = SUMMARIZED without error :

You carried out an instruction SUMMARIZED without it occurring of error, i.e. there is no subroutine of management of error from which to launch SUMMARIZED.

24 = Dépassement of withdrawal period on unit :

The withdrawal period specified for a line of state of communication is expired. You can specify values of withdrawal period for the lines of state ClearToSend, CarrierDetect and DataSetReady, the program will have either to prematurely stop or starting again the operation of communication. (For example COM and OPEN)

25 = Error on unit :

There was a material error, for example with the interface of the printer or an adapter of transmission.

27 = Lack of paper :

The interface with the printer indicates that there is no more paper in the printer. This message also appears for a certain number of other reasons (of which printing not under tension, for example).

50 = Capacity overshooting of field :

You tried to define, in an instruction FIELD, a whole of too long variables of field for the length of the recordings of the files.

51 = internal Error :

There was a faulty operation in the system of execution. Call the service of your retailer or manufacturer in their providing information relating to your program.

52 = Number of erroneous file :

The number of file that you specified in an instruction FILE does not correspond to a number provided in an OPEN instruction or the number of file is apart from the beach of the valid numbers.

53 = File not found :

The system could not find the file name which you had specified on the unit indicated.

54 = nonvalid Mode of file :

You asked for one COULD or a GET (or a PUT$ or a GET$) on a linear file.

55 = already open File :

You tried to open a file which was open or to remove an open file.

57 = Error of input-output on unit :

There was a material problem engraves when the system tried to carry out an order.

58 = existing File :

The new name specified by order NAME already exists.

61 = full Disc :

The system does not have sufficient place available on the disc of the unit per defect or the unit specified to carry out an operation on a file. You ensure that there is sufficient place available on the disc and again try to carry out your program.

62 = Fine of data :

You tried to read in a file more data that it did not comprise any. Use function EOF (fine of file) to avoid this problem. This error can also be caused by an attempt at reading of an open linear file for the execution of operations of exit or addition.

63 = Number of erroneous recording :

You specified, as argument of recording of an instruction COULD or GET on a selective file, a number negative or higher than 16.777.215.

64 = nonvalid File name :

The KILL, file name that you specified in an instruction FILES or NAME contains invalid characters.

67 = Too great number of files :

This error can appear when you try to create too many files in the principal repertory of a unit or when a nonvalid file name prevents the execution of a call system Create File DOS.

68 = Unit nonavailable :

You tried to open (OPEN) a file on a machine which did not comprise this unit. For example, COM1 ; on a system not having an adapter series or of modem.

69 = Capacity overshooting of the buffer storage of communication :

You carried out an instruction of entry (INPUT) of characters in a buffer storage of already full communication. Your program should either often control and empty the buffer storage, or to allow a size of more important buffer storage.

70 = prohibited Access :

You tried to write on a protected disc.

71 = nonready Unit :

The door of access to a diskette drive is opened, or you did not enter of diskette the specified unit.

72 = Error of support disc :

The chart controller of a hard disk or a diskette indicates an error of material support on one or more sectors.

74 = impossible Displacement :

You cannot change the name of a file from one disc to another or repertory to another. Instruction NAME does not move the files, it does nothing but give them a new name.

75 = Error on access road to the file :

During the execution of an order being able to specify a name of access road (OPEN, RENAME, MKDIR, for example), you used an inaccessible way ; for example, you tried to open (OPEN) a sub-directory or to remove a repertory in the course of use.

76 = untraceable Access path :

The way that you specified in an instruction CHDIR, MKDIR, OPEN, etc..., is untraceable.

202 = Lack of space for the temporary chains :

An expression chains asked for the use of a too great number of temporary memories of chains. This problem can rise from the specification of an expression like MID$(LEFT$(MID$(RIGHT(....). Try to simplify your expressions by storing the intermediate results in variables chains temporary.

203 = Variable communes without correspondence :

You tried a chaining (CHAIN) between two parts of program which contained noncorresponding instructions COMMON.

204 = different Options of compilation :

You tried to chain (CHAIN) two segments of program which had been compiled with different options (different arithmetic library, obligatory mathematical coprocessor, etc).

205 = different Versions of programs :

You tried to chain (CHAIN) two segments of program which had been created with various versions of the compiler, for example, Visual BASIC, Turbo BASIC and well of others...

206 = Fichier programs nonvalid :

You tried to chain (CHAIN) or to carry out (RUN) a program which had not been compiled solely by Turbo BASIC.

242 = unusable Memory of chains :

The storage area reserved for the character strings was covered accidentally. This problem can rise from an intervention of a subroutine in assembly language, of an access to the table of chains apart from the dimensioned limits or of an error of the system of execution concerning pursuant to Turbo BASIC.

380 = Impossible to define the ListIndex property, nonvalid value of property.

424 = necessary Object :

The system awaited a variable in a function VARPTR, VARPTR$ or VARSEG.

438 = Property or method not managed by this object.


HIGH OF PAGE Innovations on the diskette of Windows 98 starting

The diskette of starting underwent deep modifications for Windows 98. The following elements are new :


Finely of starting to several configurations
If you start your computer using  the new diskette of Windows 98 starting, a menu of starting is posted so that you indicate if you wish to charge the pilots corresponding to current readers of CD-Romanian or to carry out a normal starting.

Once your choice carried out, the Config.sys file charges the pilot of suitable CD-Romanian (if necessary), then a virtual reader of 2 Mo. The virtual reader allows to store the tools for diagnosis necessary with the resolution of the current problems.

Note : The virtual reader is likely to make move back your reader of CD-Romanian of a letter. For example, if your reader of CD-Romanian is currently associated to the reader D:, it will pass on the reader E:.

Pilots of readers of CD-Romanian in real mode
The diskette of Windows 98 starting includes/understands pilots of readers of CD-Romanian IDE ATAPI and generic SCSI which allow the operation of your reader of CD-Romanian under MS-DOS when the graphic user interface Windows 98 is not available.

Note : all the readers of CD-Romanian are not dealt with. If your reader of CD-Romanian does not function with these pilots, use the pilots provided with your reader. File
The file is a compressed file from which the contents are extracted in the virtual reader during starting. The table below indexes the files contained in the file.

File Function :

attrib.exe : Addition or suppression of attributes of file 
Chkdsk.exe : Small simple tool for checking of discs
Debug.exe : Utility of debugging : Text editor in real mode 
Ext.exe : New simple utility of extraction of files : Tool for formatting of discs 
Mscdex.exe : Extension of file CD-Romanian Microsoft for MS-DOS 
Scandisk.exe : Tool for checking of the discs 
Scandisk.ini : File of configuration of the tool for checking of the discs : Copy the system files from a disc so that it can be used for starting

Virtual reader
The virtual reader, who accounts for 2 Mo, is created during the treatment of the Config.sys file. He is created using the read-write memory of the system, which makes it possible to emulate a physical hard disk. Without this virtual reader, only one diskette of 1,44 Mo would not be enough to store all the tools for diagnosis and the pilots of CD-Romanian.

Warning : Since the virtual reader is created during the treatment of the Config.sys file
and that it uses the read-write memory of the system, it is temporary. It will disappear if you start again your computer normally.

List components of the Ebd file
The table below indicates the function of each file copied towards the Ebd file.

File Function :
Aspi2dos.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian in mode real Adaptec 
Aspi4dos.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian in mode real Adaptec 
Aspi8dos.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian in mode real Adaptec 
Aspi8u2.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian in mode real Adaptec 
Aspicd.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian in mode real Adaptec
Autoexec.bat : Command file of starting 
Btcdrom.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian Mylex/BusLogic 
Btdosm.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian Mylex/BusLogic : Interpreter of orders 
Config.sys : File allowing to charge the pilots of peripherals 
Drvspace.bin : Pilot of compression Microsoft DriveSpace : Cab file containing the utilities of extraction 
Ebd.sys : File identifying the diskette of starting 
Extract.exe : File allowing to decompress the file 
Fdisk.exe : Tool of partionnement of discs 
Findramd.exe : Utility allowing to locate the virtual reader at the time of starting 
Flashpt.sys : Pilot of reader of CD-Romanian Mylex/BusLogic 
Himem.sys : Manager of memory XMS 
Io.sys : File of starting of the system 
Msdos.sys : Information on the options of starting (multiple ways, startings, etc.) 
Oakcdrom.sys : Generic pilot of peripherals for the readers of CD-Romanian ATAPI 
Ramdrive.sys : File allowing to create a virtual reader at the time of starting 
Setramd.bat : File allowing to seek the first reader available for the creation of the virtual reader

This section contains instructions of resolution of problems which apply when it is necessary to use the diskette of Windows 98 starting. These instructions are intended to help the user with to start at least in mode without failure, in order to reach using Windows 98 and to solve the encountered problems.

Starting of the computer in mode without failure
There are several reasons for which Windows 98 can not start correctly. To solve one 
problem of starting, initially try to start your computer in mode without failure. If you reach that point, you can use the system of Assistance and the utilities of resolution of problems while clicking in the Démarrer menu on Assistance.

*** To start your computer in mode without failure ***

1. Withdraw the diskette of starting and start again your computer. Once the computer started again but before the loading of Windows, maintain key CTRL inserted until the menu of starting of Microsoft Windows 98 posts. (If you carry out Windows 95, press on the F8 key when the message “Starting of Windows 95” is posted.)

2. In the menu of starting, select Mode without failure.

If you can start your computer in mode without failure, use the Assistance of Windows 98 to solve your problem of origin.

The program of installation fails and the computer does not start
The failure of the program of installation of Windows 98 can have various causes. The section below 
explain how to solve the various difficulties which can arise. For more information on 
other problems involved in the installation, consult the Setup.txt file in the Win98 file of the CD-ROM 
of Windows 98 or diskette of n°1 installation. 

If you obtain one of the following error messages during the execution of the program of installation:

* “nonvalid Disc system”
* “Bad version of MS-DOS”
* “the file misses or is corrupted”
* “Errors of the pilot of compression”

The reader of starting of your computer probably requires updated system files. You can use order SYS to copy the files necessary from your computer.

NOTE : if you charge a software of compression, you must know the letter of your reader host. In general, it is about the letter H. If you do not charge any software of compression, you must to carry out order SYS on your reader C.

To use order SYS to copy system files from your computer:

1. Start again your computer using the diskette of Windows 98 starting, select option 2 in the menu of starting, then press on ENTRY.

2. To invites A:\, type SYS X: (where X designates your reader host or of starting).

3. If the procedure functioned, the message “System transferred” is posted. If not, you ensure that you typed the good letter of your reader host.

IMPORTANT: if you installed a software provided with your hard disk, read documentation indicating procedure to start the computer using a diskette.

Antivirus software
If antivirus software is carried out during the procedure of installation, the program of installation is likely not to manage to update the system files correctly. In this case, decontaminate or désinstallez the antivirus program and re-execute the program of installation.

NOTE : certain computers are provided with integrated antivirus software. This software must also be decontaminated before the execution of the program of installation. If not perhaps, you will receive a message indicating that the recording of principal starting was modified. If you receive this message, you MUST accept the modifications. If not, the program of installation is likely not to answer more.  


HIGH OF PAGE The program of installation ceases answering during the detection of the material

If the program of installation ceases answering during the detection of the material installed on your computer, 
extinguish the computer, wait a few seconds, then relight it. You will have to perhaps repeat this operation several times, because the program of installation can cease answering at the time of various modules of detection.

NOTE : use the button Marche/Arrêt to extinguish your computer completely. Do not use the button of rebootstrapping (reset) nor combination CTRL+ALT+SUPPR: that only makes it possible to start again the computer.

If the program of installation always fails, start your computer in mode without failure in order to consult the headings of assistance concerning the detection of the material.

Not assembled compressed readers
There are several reasons for which compressed readers can be inaccessible. If your Windows repertory is on a compressed reader who is not assembled, you cannot start Windows. If you think of having problems on the level of the compressed readers, try to use ScanDisk to solve them.

To invites A:\, type the following order:

Scandisk /Mount X:

where X represents the letter of the compressed reader. ScanDisk will try to repair the possible errors and to assemble the reader.

If you do not have sufficient memory to check your compressed readers, consult the section “Installation of Windows starting from MS-DOS” of the Install.txt file, on the diskette of n°1 installation or the Windows 98 CD-ROM.



This section describes the use of certain utilities which are on the diskette of Windows 98 starting. To carry out one of these programs, proceed in the following way:

1. Insert the diskette of Windows 98 starting in the disk drive, then start again your computer.

2. In the menu of starting, select option 1 or 2 (according to whether you or not wish the access to the reader of CD-ROM), then press on ENTRY.

3. To invites of order MS-DOS (A:\), type the name of the utility which you wish to carry out, then press on ENTRY.


These two programs make it possible to detect the possible errors on your hard disk. If you think of having damaged files or other problems of hard disk, carry out ScanDisk for to detect and repair these errors. 

To seek the possible errors on all your hard disks, type the following order:

Scandisk /all 

To carry out an analysis of surface of your hard disks for an optimal protection against the loss of data, type the following order:

Scandisk /all /Surface

NOTE : Perhaps you will receive error messages concerning of the long file names. The version MS-DOS de ScanDisk can detect this kind of problem, but cannot solve them. To correct these errors, you must carry out ScanDisk starting from Windows 98. 

If you have compressed readers, perhaps you will receive an error message indicating that you do not have sufficient memory to check the compressed readers. To solve this problem, start your computer using the diskette of Windows 98 starting, as indicated in stage 1 
higher in this section. Select option 2. Perhaps thus, ScanDisk will have sufficiently of memory to check your compressed readers.

If ScanDisk does not manage to check your readers, try to use CHKDSK.EXE. CHKDSK seeks the files with cross connections and the lost units of allowance. 


Order SYS makes it possible to copy the system files of a disc towards another. Your computer needs these system files to start. 
To carry out order SYS on your reader C, type:


then press on ENTRY. After a few seconds, the message “System transferred” is posted.

The following files are copied from your hard disk during procedure SYS:


If order SYS C: do not function and that you have a compressed reader, type the letter corresponding to your reader host. With the program DblSpace or DrvSpace, the letter H is generally assigned to the reader host. If you do not know the letter of your reader, carry out ScanDisk 
and look at if it is a question of your compressed reader.


FDISK and FORMAT are utilities necessary to the installation of a new hard disk on your computer or for a restarting with a virgin disc. FDISK is used to create a partition, then FORMAT makes it possible to make this partition usable.

WARNING : a misuse of FDISK can destroy all the data of your hard disk. If you cannot use FDISK, consult the documentation of your computer.

You can use the version Windows 98 of FDISK to create partitions FAT32 on readers of more than 512 Mo. FAT32 makes it possible to reduce the size of the clusters on the bulky readers and to create single partitions on readers of more than 2 Go.

To post the current state of your reader, type FDISK /STATUS with invites of MS-DOS order.

After having partitionné a reader using FDISK, you must use the order FORMAT. To format a reader that you come from partitionner, type the following order:


where X indicates the letter of the reader whom you wish to format. 

If you wish to format the reader C, you must transform it into disc system so that your computer can start. With this intention, type /s at the end of the order FORMAT. 

For example :


The system files of starting will be automatically copied after the formatting of the reader.


HIGH OF PAGE Pilots of reader of CD-ROM

The diskette of Windows 98 starting comprises a whole of pilots of reader of generic CD-ROMS. These pilots function with the majority of the models of CD-ROM IDE ATAPI and SCSI.

If your reader of CD-ROM does not function with these pilots, use the pilots provided with your reader.

You will find below a list of the current problems relating to the pilots of reader of CD-ROM.

1. The readers of CD-ROMS connected to charts its are likely not to function correctly.

2. The former readers of CD-ROM owners (for example, Mitsumi, Panasonic or Sony) are likely not to function with these pilots. The same applies to certain old controllers IDE.

3. The pilots SCSI who are on the diskette of starting deal with the majority of the charts Adaptec, Buslogic and Mylex. Some other readers of CD-ROM SCSI are likely not to function with the pilots provided by the diskette of starting.

4. If your controller SCSI is configured for a beach of nonstandard i/o, the pilots are likely not to detect your chart SCSI. Consult the documentation of your pilot SCSI to know the beaches of i/o per defect for your chart.

5. No pilot is provided for the readers of CD-ROM PC Card (PCMCIA

The order EXT. is used with the Extract.exe utility in order to facilitate the extraction of the files Windows 98 towards your hard disk. That makes it possible to replace missing or damaged files.

This utility is particularly useful if you receive messages concerning of the missing files during the starting or of the errors of execution (for example, error of general protection or error relating to nonvalid pages). 

To use Ext.exe to extract a file

1. Use the diskette of starting to start your computer. Select option 1, then press on ENTRY.

2. You ensure that the Windows 98 CD-ROM is inserted in the reader.

3. Type EXT. with invites of MS-DOS order, then press on ENTRY.

4. Follow the instructions which are posted with the screen to indicate the site of the files of the program of installation of Windows 98, the files which you wish to extract and the site towards which you wish to copy the extracted files.

NOTE : If the letter of your reader of CD-ROM is E, indicate the site of the files of the program of installation in the following way: E:\WIN98

If you wish to extract several files at the same time, you can use generic characters.



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